The general consensus amongst those who study disasters is that vulnerable people lack resilience. To see whether this is true, we conducted a study with linguistic minorities affected by the 2010–2011 earthquakes in Canterbury, New Zealand and the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake in Tohoku.
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New Zealand attracts many migrants, particularly international students, who move there for short periods of time to study. New Zealand is also prone to a variety of hazards, including earthquakes and floods.
Thousands of buildings in the Southern Mexican state of Oaxaca were destroyed by a powerful 8.1 magnitude earthquake in September 2017. At least 98 people lost their lives nationwide. A week later, Hurricane Max caused large waves, floods, mudslides and sinkholes in the state of Guerrero.
People who have been displaced by disasters, violence and crises, are most of all, seeking safety and protection. But, how do migrants, refugees and asylum-seekers learn about local hazards as they arrive in new places?
I moved to Japan in August of 2011, just after the Great East Earthquake and Tsunami known as 3.11 destroyed 400 kilometres of coastal Northeast Japan.
Migrants are among one of the most vulnerable groups in Maldivian society. They make up just under 25 per cent (94,086 people as per UN 2015 mid-year stocks) of the country’s total population. An additional estimated 25,000 irregular migrants also live in Maldives.
Cities and residents across Europe have been playing a crucial role in welcoming migrants, including refugees. Urban areas provide an opportunity to achieve economic independence and a sense of community.
2011 was a point of personal and academic transition for me. Having relocated to Japan to pursue graduate studies, my arrival coincided with the devastating Great East Japan earthquake in March.
As part of IOM Guatemala’s pilot programme, Migrants in Countries in Crisis Initiative, a special mobile application was developed and deployed for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, to provide consular services and assistance to migrants in the event of a crisis.