Practices by Stakeholder 1

Type of Practices by Stakeholder: 

Inclusion of migrants in prevention, preparedness, and emergency response

Including migrants in national and local frameworks on prevention, preparedness, and emergency response, including DRR, reduces migrants’ vulnerability and improves the capacity of host communities to respond to and recover from crises. Activities may include:

  • Mapping and engaging with migrant organizations relevant for work on prevention, preparedness, and emergency response;
  • Mapping and engaging with consular posts of relevant States of origin;
  • Recognizing migrants in prevention, preparedness, and emergency response plans as a specific group, with particular vulnerabilities, needs, and capacities;
  • Prohibiting discrimination based on nationality, language proficiency, immigration status, and other prohibited characteristics in laws and policies related to the provision of life-saving assistance and emergency services;
  • Engaging migrants in local-level crisis management and planning;
  • Organizing and facilitating regular meetings between migrant representatives and representatives of national and local authorities;
  • Allocating sufficient resources for these activities.

Consultation on prevention, preparedness, and emergency response

Consultations in which all groups can voice their concerns and highlight needs build trust between authorities, local communities, and migrants, ensure that the needs of both local communities and migrants are known, and provide opportunities to work together on approaches and solutions. Relevant activities include:

  • Identifying migrant leaders and representatives that can meaningfully speak to or for their communities;
  • Setting up physical or virtual discussion spaces with broad accessibility;
  • Ensuring participation of all groups, including by providing translation and setting up dedicated opportunities for marginalized groups;
  • Minimizing costs of participation (e.g., lost time and transportation);
  • Hosting public meetings or town halls, including in spaces where migrants meet.

Recruitment of migrants as staff or volunteers

Authorities can engage migrants by hiring them as employees or by organizing and retaining them as volunteers to foster direct engagement of migrants and migrant communities in prevention, preparedness, and emergency response management and planning. Authorities can engage migrants by:

  • Carrying out recruitment campaigns targeting migrant groups that represent a priority (e.g., groups that are more numerous in the area or underrepresented in existing structures);
  • Engaging migrant community leaders in recruiting migrant employees and volunteers;
  • Engaging recruitment and employment agencies in identifying migrants with skills and capacities relevant to prevention, preparedness, and emergency response activities;
  • Selecting migrants based on their merits and skills and tasking them with roles that value their skills and priorities;
  • Highlighting to migrant communities potential benefits of becoming employees or volunteers, including skill development, employability, and increased networking and representation as well as better protection of migrants in the context of crises;
  • Creating non-threatening environments for learning.

Awareness-raising for prevention, preparedness, and emergency response procedures

Awareness-raising campaigns for prevention, preparedness, and emergency response procedures can provide migrants with necessary information to protect themselves during crises. Integrating clear messages for migrants into materials developed to educate the general public about risks related to natural disasters can help save migrant lives. Relevant activities include:

  • Providing natural disaster awareness websites, print, and broadcast materials in all necessary languages;
  • Ensuring that audio and visual material convey messages in a manner that allow illiterate populations to understand;
  • Identifying and tailoring messages to media outlets that migrants use;
  • Working with the travel industry, schools, employers, recruiters, and civil society to develop multi-lingual materials (e.g., brochures, travel guides, posters, and short videos which are available in public areas, such as airports, consulates, malls or markets, and tourist hotspots) that take into account the needs of migrants, including information on disaster risks, where to go, what to do, and emergency contacts;
  • Incorporating information about DRR and emergency response when visas are issued to migrants;
  • Disseminating information through places that migrants frequent and actors that engage with migrants, such as religious and neighborhood organizations, migrant groups, media sources that target migrants, and travel agencies;
  • Conducting education campaigns at the household level with a focus on migrant communities in locations prone to or at risk of natural disasters (for example, at the beginning of a hurricane season) or civil unrest;
  • Encouraging employers and recruiters to distribute crisis-related information and procedures to their employees, including migrants.