Practices by Stakeholder 2
Inclusion of migrants in the international humanitarian response system
Mainstreaming migrants into existing international humanitarian response systems and relevant preparedness and response tools will help factor migrants in crisis response. Standard tools used to assess vulnerability and the needs of crisis-affected populations may need to be adapted to prompt relevant actors to identify migrant populations, their specific characteristics and needs, and barriers to self-help and access to assistance. Important activities may include:
- Integrating the identification of migrant populations and their specific needs and vulnerabilities in disaster preparedness and response structures of the IASC humanitarian cluster system for responding to complex emergencies;
- Familiarizing donors, civil society, and States regarding the specific needs of migrants in countries experiencing conflicts or natural disasters;
- Training international organization officials on including migrants and migration and mobility considerations into humanitarian response plans.
Thematic guidance and operational tools
Migrants should be factored into specific guidance materials dedicated to the protection of particular groups, such as women, children, the elderly, people with disabilities, and victims of trafficking. Ways to do this include:
- Incorporating references to migrants in existing tools and guidance. This would include advice on identifying migrant populations who may be particularly vulnerable during a crisis, such as ethnic minorities, migrants in an irregular immigration status, and those in detention;
- Incorporating references to migrants in training for staff on IASC tools and guidance, including on how to identify migrant populations, the ways in which migrants’ experiences of crises differ from those of citizens, and the types of assistance that migrants may require;
- Developing crisis-related communication tools to reach out to migrants before and during crises including messaging toolkits with messages translated into migrants’ native languages.
Integration of relief, rehabilitation, and development
International organizations providing emergency response, rehabilitation, and development assistance can minimize the impacts of crises on migrants, their families, and communities, and maximize use of resources, including by:
- Coordinating internally and ensuring that migrants and their needs are integrated into plans and standard procedures on emergency response, rehabilitation, and development;
- Sensitizing donors and raising their awareness on the need to integrate migrants into emergency response, recovery, and development interventions;
- Sensitizing national and local authorities on the role migrants can play in building communities.
Assistance to others who protect migrants
International organizations can provide expert advice and technical assistance to States, recruiters, employers, and other stakeholders on how to incorporate protection and assistance to migrants into their prevention, preparedness, and emergency response systems. Some important activities include:
- Providing support to adapt or develop policies and procedures on prevention, emergency preparedness, and response systems so they take account of migrants and their needs;
- Providing support on how to operationalize the integration of migrants in prevention, preparedness, and emergency response systems, including by training of front-line responders;
- Facilitating coordination at the national and local levels;
- Helping migrant communities create groups or a representational structure that can be a point of contact for authorities or organizations in the event of a crisis.