GUIDELINE 4: Incorporate migrants in prevention, preparedness, and emergency response systems

Print the Guideline I Print the Guideline and Practices


States and other stakeholders have laws, policies, and programs on prevention, preparedness, and emergency response to reduce the impact of crises. Taking into account the presence of migrants, their vulnerabilities, and their potential needs in prevention, preparedness, and emergency response frameworks, including on disaster risk reduction (DRR), can promote resilience in the event of a conflict or natural disaster. Clear laws and policies on migrants’ eligibility for different types of assistance in the event of a crisis promote certainty. If the MICIC Initiative Guidelines Guidelines: Crisis preparedness 27 presence of migrants is not known or is inadequately incorporated in planning, stakeholders may overlook migrants in their responses. If stakeholders fail to appreciate factors that make migrants vulnerable, such as language barriers, isolated working conditions, irregular immigration status, or mistrust of authorities, responses may be ineffective. When laws and policies are unclear, responses towards migrants can be unpredictable and insufficient.

Migrants themselves and civil society may be in the best position to assist States and other stakeholders to appreciate the presence of migrants, their vulnerability, and needs. In this respect, involving migrants and civil society in the development of prevention, preparedness, and emergency response measures can be helpful. Such actions also build trust between migrant populations and State and non-State actors who provide protection.

Migrants and civil society also have capacities and resources that they can contribute to preparedness and emergency response. Their language abilities, first-hand knowledge of migrant populations, understanding of cultural norms within their communities, and ability to foster greater trust toward State authorities and other actors can be leveraged to create more comprehensive and effective systems and programs.

Sample Practices

  • Platforms to facilitate the engagement of migrants in the design and implementation of prevention, preparedness, and emergency response systems.
  • Taking migrants into account in national and local frameworks on prevention, preparedness, and emergency response, including by recognizing migrants as a specific group with needs and capacities.
  • Recruitment of migrants as staff or volunteers in prevention, preparedness, and emergency response mechanisms.
Country:
Type of Practice:

UNICEF Pacific developed a toolkit for actors working in child protection in emergencies in the pacific regions. The quick reference guide takes into account preparedness, response and recovery phases and is directed towards building stronger child protection national systems.

Country:
Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom
Type of Practice:
Government bodies

Part of the European External Action Service (EEAS)' Crisis Response Department, the Consular Crisis Management Division currently has two roles:

Country:
Mexico
Type of Practice:
Government bodies

Grupos Beta (Beta Groups) is a service by the National Institute of Migration (INM) of Mexico dedicated to the protection and defense of the human rights of migrants and are specialized in providing orientation, rescue and first aid, regardless of nationality or immigration status.

Country:
Germany
Type of Practice:
Government body

The Federal Agency for Technical Relief (Bundesanstalt Technisches Hilfswerk, or THW) is a key actor in the country’s civil protection system, mandated to assist people in emergencies.  In December 2015, on the initiative of the Federal Ministry of the Interior and the Federal Foreign Office,...

Country:
United States of America
Type of Practice:
Tools

This guide assists service providers in developing a comprehensive plan for aiding farmworkers during federally declared disasters, undeclared emergencies, and other crises that affect the agricultural industry.

Country:
United States of America
Type of Practice:
Research and reports

Southern California is at high risk for a major natural disaster. Yet, few assessments have been made to discover how communities with large populations of Limited English Proficient (LEP) immigrants would fare in such an event.

Country:
Albania, Algeria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Georgia, Greece, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Morocco, Portugal, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, San Marino, Serbia, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Ukraine
Type of Practice:
Multilateral processes

The Council of Europe, through its EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement, is promoting improvements in emergency planning, disaster response and risk mitigation for migrants, refugees and asylum seekers. EUR-OPA works in particular to:

Country:
Italy
Type of Practice:
Mobile and internet-based technologies

"Where Are We In The World" is a service of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation that allows Italians temporarily abroad to report on their personal data on a voluntary basis in order to plan more quickly and precisely rescue operations.

Country:
Global
Type of Practice:
Assistance programs

The Reference Group on Risk, Early Warning and Preparedness was created by the IASC to implement specific elements of the IASC Work Plan 2016-2017.

Country:
Global
Type of Practice:
Mobile and internet-based technologies

Smartraveller is web-based service provided by the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, whihc offers a wide range of services and information for Australians travelling abroad, including information on countries of destination, consular assistance, access to documents, etc.