GUIDELINE 4: Incorporate migrants in prevention, preparedness, and emergency response systems

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States and other stakeholders have laws, policies, and programs on prevention, preparedness, and emergency response to reduce the impact of crises. Taking into account the presence of migrants, their vulnerabilities, and their potential needs in prevention, preparedness, and emergency response frameworks, including on disaster risk reduction (DRR), can promote resilience in the event of a conflict or natural disaster. Clear laws and policies on migrants’ eligibility for different types of assistance in the event of a crisis promote certainty. If the MICIC Initiative Guidelines Guidelines: Crisis preparedness 27 presence of migrants is not known or is inadequately incorporated in planning, stakeholders may overlook migrants in their responses. If stakeholders fail to appreciate factors that make migrants vulnerable, such as language barriers, isolated working conditions, irregular immigration status, or mistrust of authorities, responses may be ineffective. When laws and policies are unclear, responses towards migrants can be unpredictable and insufficient.

Migrants themselves and civil society may be in the best position to assist States and other stakeholders to appreciate the presence of migrants, their vulnerability, and needs. In this respect, involving migrants and civil society in the development of prevention, preparedness, and emergency response measures can be helpful. Such actions also build trust between migrant populations and State and non-State actors who provide protection.

Migrants and civil society also have capacities and resources that they can contribute to preparedness and emergency response. Their language abilities, first-hand knowledge of migrant populations, understanding of cultural norms within their communities, and ability to foster greater trust toward State authorities and other actors can be leveraged to create more comprehensive and effective systems and programs.

Sample Practices

  • Platforms to facilitate the engagement of migrants in the design and implementation of prevention, preparedness, and emergency response systems.
  • Taking migrants into account in national and local frameworks on prevention, preparedness, and emergency response, including by recognizing migrants as a specific group with needs and capacities.
  • Recruitment of migrants as staff or volunteers in prevention, preparedness, and emergency response mechanisms.
Country:
Global
Type of Practice:
Contingency and preparedness plans

The Emergency Response Preparedness (ERP) approach is a practical, flexible, responsive and resource-light system for understanding and preparing for potential emergencies.

Country:
United States of America
Type of Practice:
Assistance programs

 After Hurricane Katrina, the American Red Cross begun various initiatives to increase the diversity of the staff at its headquarters and 800 chapters and draw more minority volunteers, through a faith-based initiative, designed to recruit and train volunteers in religious organizations --...

Country:
Global
Type of Practice:
Tools

The International Organization for Migration (IOM)’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework (MCOF) is a practical, operational and institution-wide tool to improve and systematize the way in which the Organization supports its Member States and partners to better prepare for and respond to...

Country:
United States of America
Type of Practice:
Awareness raising and communication tools

Launched in February 2003, Ready is a national public service advertising (PSA) campaign designed to educate and empower Americans to prepare for and respond to emergencies including natural and man-made disasters.

Country:
Global
Type of Practice:
Research and reports

This research project, Providing Access to Resilience Enhancing Technologies for  Disadvantaged Communities and Vulnerable Populations (PARET), focuses on the following research questions:

Country:
United States of America
Type of Practice:
Research and reports

This article describes the finding of the  Project  PREP  (Programa  Para  Responder  a Emergencias  con  Preparación),a community-based,  participatory  research  program that developed, delivered, evaluated, and tested a culturally targeted disaster preparedness program...

Country:
Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Georgia, Greece, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Morocco, Portugal, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, San Marino, Serbia, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Ukraine
Type of Practice:
Trainings and capacity building

The Council of Europe’s European and Mediterranean Major Hazards Agreement (EUR-OPA) and Intercultural cities programme (ICC) have joined their expertise to organise a workshop which explored the access and participation of migrants, refugees and asylums seekers to disaster prevention...

Country:
Australia
Type of Practice:
Government bodies

The Melbourne Fire Brigade (MFB)  actively partner with  diverse community to minimize the frequency and impact of fires and other emergencies, and increase individual and community capacity to respond and recover.

Country:
Australia
Type of Practice:
Research and reports

The  Exploring  inherent  capabilities  in  communities  with  migrant  and  refugee  backgrounds  for disaster  resilience project  was  initiated  by  the  Australian  Emergency  Management  Institute (AEMI)  in  an  effort  to  undertake  exploratory  research  into ...

Country:
Australia
Type of Practice:
Training and capacity building

A conference was organized on 17th October 2009 by the Australian Capital Territory (ACT)’s Jurisdictional Community Partnership project, as component of Attorney General Department’s Inclusive Emergency Management with Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) Communities Program.