GUIDELINE 4: Incorporate migrants in prevention, preparedness, and emergency response systems

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States and other stakeholders have laws, policies, and programs on prevention, preparedness, and emergency response to reduce the impact of crises. Taking into account the presence of migrants, their vulnerabilities, and their potential needs in prevention, preparedness, and emergency response frameworks, including on disaster risk reduction (DRR), can promote resilience in the event of a conflict or natural disaster. Clear laws and policies on migrants’ eligibility for different types of assistance in the event of a crisis promote certainty. If the MICIC Initiative Guidelines Guidelines: Crisis preparedness 27 presence of migrants is not known or is inadequately incorporated in planning, stakeholders may overlook migrants in their responses. If stakeholders fail to appreciate factors that make migrants vulnerable, such as language barriers, isolated working conditions, irregular immigration status, or mistrust of authorities, responses may be ineffective. When laws and policies are unclear, responses towards migrants can be unpredictable and insufficient.

Migrants themselves and civil society may be in the best position to assist States and other stakeholders to appreciate the presence of migrants, their vulnerability, and needs. In this respect, involving migrants and civil society in the development of prevention, preparedness, and emergency response measures can be helpful. Such actions also build trust between migrant populations and State and non-State actors who provide protection.

Migrants and civil society also have capacities and resources that they can contribute to preparedness and emergency response. Their language abilities, first-hand knowledge of migrant populations, understanding of cultural norms within their communities, and ability to foster greater trust toward State authorities and other actors can be leveraged to create more comprehensive and effective systems and programs.

Sample Practices

  • Platforms to facilitate the engagement of migrants in the design and implementation of prevention, preparedness, and emergency response systems.
  • Taking migrants into account in national and local frameworks on prevention, preparedness, and emergency response, including by recognizing migrants as a specific group with needs and capacities.
  • Recruitment of migrants as staff or volunteers in prevention, preparedness, and emergency response mechanisms.
Country:
Australia
Type of Practice:
Tests and simulations

Exercise “Stuffed Goose” is a multi-agency exercise involving State Government departments and agencies, including the Country Fire Service (CFS), South Australia (SA) Police, State Emergency Service (SES), Metropolitan Fire Service SA, Local Government, and community volunteers.

Country:
Australia
Type of Practice:
Research and reports

This publication presents eight Jurisdictional Community Partnership projects implemented across Australia using different models of community engagement relevant to their jurisdiction and community needs.

Country:
Philippines
Type of Practice:
Early warning systems

The Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) and Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) of the Philippine Government jointly adopted a crisis alert system which serves as the basis for emergency repatriation and deployment restrictions.

Country:
Libya, Viet Nam
Type of Practice:
Government bodies

During the 2011 Libya crisis, Vietnam established an inter‐ministerial “Steering Committee on the Evacuation of Vietnamese workers in Libya” as well as five working groups which were sent to countries in the surrounding region, namely Egypt, Greece, Malta, Tunisia and Turkey.

Country:
Philippines
Type of Practice:
Manuals

This Joint Manual of Operations in Providing Assistance to Migrant Workers and Other Filipinos Overseas is promulgated to ensure efficient and effective delivery of services to Overseas Filipinos, particularly those in distress, who require prompt and proper assistance at all times.

Country:
Australia
Type of Practice:
Research and reports

This project is a component of the Australian Government’s National Action Plan (NAP) to build on social cohesion, harmony and security, and is funded by the Department of Immigration and Citizenship (DIAC).

Country:
Australia
Type of Practice:
Manuals

The purpose of this guide is to assist State Government agencies to collect data relating to the cultural, linguistic and religious diversity of their clients. It provides suggestions and strategies for the collection of this data, including the use of standard variables.

Country:
Philippines
Type of Practice:
Mobile and internet-based technologies

eBayanihan is a mobile and web based participatory disaster management system that allows citizens to participate in contributing and receiving disaster related information as part of disaster preparedness and mitigation.

Country:
Lebanon
Type of Practice:
Research and reports

This guide provides an overview of the work of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) with migrant domestic workers (MDWs) in Lebanon. It traces the history of NGO involvement with MDWs since the early 1980s to explore the approaches underlying NGO interventions and partnerships.

Country:
Australia, Canada
Type of Practice:
Agreements

Canada and Australia have a Consular Sharing Agreement that allows Canadians to receive consular services from Australian officials in 20 countries where Canada does not have an office and for Australians to seek similar assistance from Canadian missions in 23 countries.