GUIDELINE 4: Incorporate migrants in prevention, preparedness, and emergency response systems

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States and other stakeholders have laws, policies, and programs on prevention, preparedness, and emergency response to reduce the impact of crises. Taking into account the presence of migrants, their vulnerabilities, and their potential needs in prevention, preparedness, and emergency response frameworks, including on disaster risk reduction (DRR), can promote resilience in the event of a conflict or natural disaster. Clear laws and policies on migrants’ eligibility for different types of assistance in the event of a crisis promote certainty. If the MICIC Initiative Guidelines Guidelines: Crisis preparedness 27 presence of migrants is not known or is inadequately incorporated in planning, stakeholders may overlook migrants in their responses. If stakeholders fail to appreciate factors that make migrants vulnerable, such as language barriers, isolated working conditions, irregular immigration status, or mistrust of authorities, responses may be ineffective. When laws and policies are unclear, responses towards migrants can be unpredictable and insufficient.

Migrants themselves and civil society may be in the best position to assist States and other stakeholders to appreciate the presence of migrants, their vulnerability, and needs. In this respect, involving migrants and civil society in the development of prevention, preparedness, and emergency response measures can be helpful. Such actions also build trust between migrant populations and State and non-State actors who provide protection.

Migrants and civil society also have capacities and resources that they can contribute to preparedness and emergency response. Their language abilities, first-hand knowledge of migrant populations, understanding of cultural norms within their communities, and ability to foster greater trust toward State authorities and other actors can be leveraged to create more comprehensive and effective systems and programs.

Sample Practices

  • Platforms to facilitate the engagement of migrants in the design and implementation of prevention, preparedness, and emergency response systems.
  • Taking migrants into account in national and local frameworks on prevention, preparedness, and emergency response, including by recognizing migrants as a specific group with needs and capacities.
  • Recruitment of migrants as staff or volunteers in prevention, preparedness, and emergency response mechanisms.
Country:
United States of America
Type of Practice:
Tools

The guidelines presented in this booklet are intended to assist representatives of U.S. corporations abroad to prepare judiciously for emergencies. Planning and forethought are important, but so is flexibility in execution.

Country:
Australia
Type of Practice:
Research and reports

A research consultation project under the Australian National Emergency Management Project Program, titled Project Red, was undertaken with young people from refugee and migrant backgrounds around volunteering in the emergency management sector.

Country:
Australia
Type of Practice:
Awareness raising and communication tools

Pictorial action guides have been developed for culturally and linguistically diverse communities to help them understand the risks associated with natural hazards that may occur in Australia.

Country:
Australia
Type of Practice:
Funds

The National Emergency Management Projects (NEMP) programme is a targeted, competitive grant programme that supports high priority national disaster resilience projects as identified by the Australia-New Zealand Emergency Management Committee (ANZEMC).

Country:
Australia
Type of Practice:
Government bodies

A small brigade in Melbourne's southeast has undertaken a recruitment plan targeting migrants and refugees. The plan to recruit refugees and migrants as volunteer firefighters saved the brigade from closing its doors, filling the gap in volunteers.

Country:
United States of America
Type of Practice:
Contingency and preparedness plans

This report is the result of a preparedness plan process implemented and shared among coalition agencies in collaboration with local governmental and private agencies working in emergency preparedness and response, commissioned by the Vista Community Clinic to the National Latino Research Center...

Country:
Australia
Type of Practice:
Manuals

Developed by Emergency Management Australia (EMA), within the Australian Government, these guidelines are aimed to provide emergency management agencies and planning committees with practical guidance in providing appropriate, responsive, accessible and sustainable services to a multicultural...

Country:
Australia
Type of Practice:
Awareness raising and communication tools

The State Emergency Service (SES) of the New South West Region of Australia (NSW SES) is committed to providing information on and resources for preparing for, responding to and recovering from floods, storms and tsunami to people from different cultural and linguistic backgrounds.

Country:
United States of America
Type of Practice:
Tools

The goal of all language access planning and implementation is to ensure that agencies communicate effectively with limited English proficient (LEP) individuals.

Country:
India
Type of Practice:
Funds

The Indian Ministry of External Affairs has introduced a Pension and Life Insurance fund scheme called Mahatma Gandhi Pravasi Suraksha Yojana (MGPSY) for the Overseas Indian workers having Emigration Check Required (ECR) passports.