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Past experience shows that the impacts of emergencies can be felt heavily by migrants living or transiting in affected areas. Migrants often face specific barriers to accessing essential information, resources and assistance as a consequence of their limited proficiency in the local language, their lack of local knowledge, policies and regulations influencing their status, or marginalization and exploitation.

The MICIC Guidelines provide a set of recommendations and means to address these challenges. IOM has a lead role in rolling out and implementing the MICIC Guidelines through targeted capacity-building activities with migrant home countries, host countries and countries of transit.

IOM recognizes the responsibilities, specific mandates and expertise of different actors and collaborates with key stakeholders at local, national, regional and international levels. It offers support and services to strengthen capacities of relevant actors to ensure that migration can contribute to resilience, recovery, and the well-being of communities and societies. By supporting governments in their long-term strategy on better assisting migrants in crisis preparedness, response and recovery, IOM works towards realizing its overall vision of facilitating orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration as laid out in its Migration Governance Framework.

The capacity-building section of this website provides key capacity-building tools IOM has developed in support of the operationalization of the MICIC Guidelines. The tools offer guidance and practical examples on effectively assisting migrants and their communities in the context of crisis preparedness, response and recovery mechanisms and frameworks. They are relevant to a variety of stakeholders in migrants’ home and host countries, including States, international organizations, non-governmental actors, civil society and the private sector.

Host countries:

In migrants’ host countries, IOM collaborates with governmental and non-governmental actors to ensure that emergency prevention, preparedness, response and recovery activities adequately account for the presence of migrants. IOM’s activities include awareness raising and trainings for emergency responders, facilitation of coordination and the provision of tools and guidance to support the inclusion of migrants in preparedness and response frameworks by a range of actors.

Home countries:

In migrants’ home countries, IOM collaborates with foreign services to build the capacity of consular and diplomatic personnel to assist and protect their nationals abroad when their host country is affected by a crisis. IOM’s activities include trainings for consular officials (including through an eLearning component), facilitation of national and regional consular coordination workshops, and the provision of tools and guidance to support home countries’ preparedness, contingency planning and outreach to their nationals abroad.


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For more information on these activities or to request specific support, please contact IOM’s MICIC team