Type of practice: Training and capacity building

Country: Algeria, Colombia, Côte d'Ivoire, El Salvador, Gambia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Mali, Mexico, Morocco, Nepal

Name of Stakeholder: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)

Type of Stakeholder Implementing the Practice: International Organizations

Type of crisis: Conflict, Natural Disaster

Crisis phase: Crisis Preparedness, Post-Crisis Action


UNODC has a long-standing expertise on building the capacities of criminal justice practitioners to address trafficking in persons and migrant smuggling worldwide. This includes raising the awareness of front-line officers and investigators and increase their skills and knowledge to identify and investigate trafficking in persons and migrant smuggling cases. In the targeted countries where gaps were identified, good practices consisted of including systematically training modules on critical issues, such as assistance and protection measures for victims of human trafficking and smuggled migrants; access to remedies for victims of trafficking; human rights of smuggled migrants; and the non-criminalisation of smuggled migrants and trafficked persons.

Related Links: Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling


Guidelines/Thematic Areas

Capacity building

GUIDELINE 8: Build capacity and learn lessons for emergency response and post-crisis action

Limited resources, funding, and technical skills can all affect the robustness of emergency and post-crisis responses. Understanding and assessing these limitations is a critical first step towards overcoming them. Stakeholders’ investment in their own capacity to improve emergency response and post-crisis recovery for migrants is critical.

Capacity building may relate to such varied areas as consular services, training for responders, resource allocation, funding mechanisms, insurance schemes, relief goods and services, border and migration management, and relocation and evacuation. Many of these areas are relevant for both the emergency and post-crisis phases. Stakeholders should also consider addressing potential reintegration challenges for migrants, their families, and communities, facilitating re-employment, income generation, and safe remigration, and supporting migrants to access outstanding wages, assets, and property left in host States.

States, private sector actors, international organizations, and civil society should assist one another to build and improve their capacity to respond. Undertaking advocacy, monitoring and evaluations, raising awareness, conducting training, sharing information, building research and knowledge, and supporting and learning from each other all help to improve collective efforts to protect migrants.

Sample Practices

  • Training and capacity building of stakeholders, such as on effective ways to access migrants and identify vulnerability and needs.
  • Dedicated funding to protect migrants, including budget lines, loans, and funding platforms.
  • Referral mechanisms that map rosters of experts who can address diverse needs of different migrants.
  • Peer-to-peer exchanges for capacity building and learning on tackling challenges associated with protecting migrants.
  • Training for consular officials, such as on collecting information on citizens and crisis management, including evacuation.
  • Monitoring and evaluation of crisis responses that includes analysis of responses towards migrants.